Thinking Faith blogs

Another side of the Welsh Revival

During the Welsh revival of 1904 there were many extraordinary incidents. Here is one of them.

During a revival meeting in a disused sawmill in Aberdare, a heckler began shouting – "There is no God, if there be a God strike us dead in our seats all of us three". The man was full of derision and nothing could staunch his flow. "There you are, you see nothing happens!" His scornful laughter reverberated around the building.

Pamela Shepherd, a Salvation Army preacher spoke sharply to the man – "Infidel, God is not mocked. On your knees man, beg forgiveness while you still have time". The man seemed stunned and there was a gasp from the hushed crowd as the heckler suddenly clenched the rail of the bench in front of him with an iron hold. His two friends had to prise his hands loose and then he slumped to the floor. The two men tried to lift him and then one burst out in a shattered cry – "He is dead!" Within a few weeks the other two men fell ill and died.

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Leopards and God’s kingdom

There is a delightful story about an African missionary who was one day confronted by a sad leopard while walking in the jungle. Normally speaking it is advisable to avoid these ferocious cats that lack insight into the refined arts of hospitality and courtesy. The missionary gave himself up for dead. But, to his utter astonishment, the leopard, instead of springing upon him, came and snuggled up to him, at the same time whining and lifting up his paw. Observing it to be swollen and inflamed, he examined it and found a large thorn embedded in the ball of the foot. The disciple of Jesus removed it and dressed the wound as well as he could. Then the leopard gazed at the missionary with a soulful, thankful expression and sauntered cheerfully back into the dense jungle.

Debate with Andrew Copson on Premier Christian Radio

Andrew Copson is the Chief Executive of the British Humanist Association. Polly Toynbee is the President and Richard Dawkins is the vice president.

"How should RE be taught in schools?"

The debate went extremely well. Andrew is a very affable and intelligent man. I think I disarmed him by telling some of my stories with voices. I was very encouraged to see him smiling in a very nice way. I argued that we desperately need worldview awareness plus critical thinking skills etc. In a vague way he seemed to agree.

I argued that secular worldviews (rampant consumerism, materialism, emotivism, species egalitarianism etc) are the dominant worldviews among teenagers. I backed up this assertion by referring to the 600 or so conferences that Damaris have done. He didn't really have any evidence for his much more optimistic views.

I challenged him towards the end of the debate with the free will issue and how the philosophical materialism espoused by Dawkins, Blackmore, Minsky etc destroys the very possibility of rational debate. He didn't have much to say. Clearly the question bothered him.

When I left him he said he was seeing Richard Dawkins in the evening and would ask him what he would say to my question! Get in!

I also mentioned Arthur's fantastic paper, "Education, Indoctrination and God" on the programme and Andrew wants to read it.

I must say that I have been hugely helped by discussions with Peter Williams of Damaris, Jenny Baker, the amazing Richard Russell, Bruce Wearne, Jonathan and Adrienne Chaplin, Brian Spurling, Jim Tickner, Arthur Jones, Amy Stock and Chris Curtis of LCET, the gifted RE teacher Jonathan Swales, Richard Gunton and WYSOCS trustee Steve Bishop. The Hansons have also really helped me hugely and my wife Anne has great insights which I lack.

God is faithful to all of His promises. Soli Deo Gloria.

One of my heroes has died!

In Pittsburgh in the 1950s, a black evangelical Christian Robert Lavelle set up a most unusual bank. The Dwelling House Savings and Loan Association would lend money to poor people who are not 'good risks' at the lowest possible rates of interest. This banking philosophy challenges banking orthodoxy which prefers to lend money to rich people at high rates of interest.

A handsome man even in his advanced age, Mr. Lavelle was charming, dignified and distinguished by his erect posture and the warm radiation of his words, deeds and his commitment to serving the poor and the needy. His bank was a huge blessing to hundreds of desperate people who couldn't get loans anywhere else. Loansharks cursed him and lost a lot of lucrative deals!

When armed robbers came into his bank and demanded money, Mr. Lavelle often tried to talk them out of committing the thefts. Boldly he said to one hooded boy – "Try God". He never considered moving out of the Hill District, would not allow protective barriers between bank tellers and customers and was vehemently against installing iron bars on the bank's windows and doors. Sometimes robbers would ring him up to apologise for their shoddy behaviour! They knew Lavelle was a godly man.

Mr Lavelle rescued the bank, which had been chartered in 1890 as a state mutual bank owned by its depositors, in 1957 and reinvented the institution to assume a new mission. He helped build its capital reserves over the years by taking a modest salary, which reached a maximum of $15,000. He even performed janitorial services himself at one point to limit expenses.

After dedicating much of his life to running the small savings and loan at the corner of Centre and Herron avenues, Mr. Lavelle turned the bank over to his son, Robert M. Lavelle, in the late 1980s.

Dwelling House was shut down in August despite a community rally to save the institution when bank regulators determined the 119-year-old bank was bankrupt and had no reasonable hope of recovering. Cyber thieves were blamed for tapping into the computer system and electronically transmitting up to $4 million out of the bank’s capital account. No one has been arrested for the thefts and federal officials say incomplete financial records at the institution made it difficult to determine what happened.

Mr Lavelle died on the 4th of July 2010 at Forbes Hospice in West Penn Hospital as a result of a stroke he suffered on Father's Day. He collapsed at the pulpit in Grace Memorial Presbyterian Church in Schenley Heights while delivering a keynote speech about his own father and the legacy of fatherhood. He was 94.

Bob Lavelle was a wonderful disciple of the Lord and his deeds, his faith and his love will follow him into the renewed creation (Revelation 14:13).

Read more on the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette website.

Friendly debates with atheist

Last Saturday I was interviewed on Unbelievable?, the Premier Christian Radio programme that gets Christians and non-Christians talking.

I thoroughly enjoyed the show! Paul 'Sinbad' Thompson, the atheist, was a very likable and genial man. I had a great chat with him about the north of England; my mum coming from Stockton-on-Tees and he growing up in Middlesborough. I really like Sinbad and hope we can meet again. It's really fantastic to go on radio and be interviewed by great people like Justin Brierley and have frank but cordial discussions about worldviews with lovely fellahs like Sinbad.

In all the debates we have with sundry folk let's keep it friendly, good-natured and kind-hearted.

Tom Wright has a great story about the famous 18th century wit and raconteur Samuel Johnson. Apparently Boswell, his autobiographer, was amazed at how the great man seemed to treat everybody with courtesy and respect. 'Why do you do this?' probed Boswell. Johnson famously replied – 'because I want to practise kindness'. Enough said.

Shenanigans at Sky

There's been a lot of talk in the press about these two geezers – Andy Gray and Richard Keys. They've both departed Sky Sports amid a cloud of lurid and seedy lad mag shenanigans. Apparently both 'lads' like aggressive sexist banter and don't mind upsetting people. Any nastiness is understood as just having a bit of a 'laff' and a joke luv! They love their nasty banter and so should we.

It is the culture of fear and bullying that we need to understand. Aggressive banter really does hurt. But we need to see banter through the lens of the biblical story. In earlier postings Jon Swales and David Hanson have talked about the biblical story and how it begins with the goodness of creation and the cultural mandate. Do reread those great postings. Banter is a wonderful thing when it is understood for what it is. Banter can bring warmth, joy and encouragement into our social lives. Banter can enrich our lives. We can even tell God our favourite jokes. But banter, just like football and politics etc is in urgent need of God's healing kingdom of shalom. Our God doesn't want to eliminate banter from our lives. He wants to redeem it. And this is good news for all of us who enjoy a bit of a 'laff and a joke'. God loves humour and in the beginning it was very good.

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Ted Hughes and Paganism

It isn't only Romanian witches and politicians who live in pagan stories.

English poets are very fascinated by pagan and gnostic worldviews.

Ted Hughes was one of the most gifted British poets of the last century. He was also fascinated by the occult. At Cambridge he experimented heavily in the dark arts. He and the American poetess Sylvia Plath got married in 1956 and they spent many hours playing with the Ouija board. Ted Hughes once asked the 'spirits' if he and Sylvia Plath would become famous. "Fame will come", the Ouija board answered, "but at an enormous cost". In 1963 his American wife Sylvia Plath committed suicide. Tragically in 1969 Ted's new partner Assia Wevill killed their four year old daughter and then also committed suicide. In 2009 Sylvia and Ted's son Nicholas committed suicide after battling depression.

Ted Hughes was a Gnostic. Gnosticism is a complicated worldview but it contrasts strikingly with both materialism and Christianity. Gnostics are often intrigued by non-Christian forms of spirituality. Indeed Hughes was very influenced by early animist and pagan religions. In these religions there is a strong sense of unseen forces and spiritual powers that can be contacted and befriended. This can help us to understand Hughes' fascination with the occult.

We need to understand both secularism (consumerism, materialism etc) and paganism (gnosticism, rat worship etc) if we are to understand how people live and how to engage intelligently with them about the Christian faith.

Romanian politicians and the Evil Eye

A few years ago a group of Romanian witches warned former Chelsea player, Adrian Mutu, that his career might suffer because of curses put on him by a former girlfriend.

"No problem", replied Mutu, revealing an unusual Romanian superstition. "Curses can't touch me because I wear my underwear inside out".

Many western people find this story perplexing and bizarre. Secular people do not just ignore God but they also ignore the spirits, the gods and the superstitious behaviour that paganism brings.

Secular man does not fear God or the gods. He/she revels in autonomy and often trusts in science and technology to bring the good life. A 'rational' as opposed to an 'irrational' kind of faith.

Today's Daily Telegraph is running an article about Romanian witches who are refusing to pay their taxes!

For more on this see The Independent article.

Queen witch Bratara Buzea, 63, who was imprisoned in 1977 for witchcraft under Ceausescu's regime, is furious about the new law which will force her to pay income tax. Sitting cross-legged in her villa in the lake resort of Mogosoaia, just north of Bucharest, she said she planned to cast a spell on the Taxman using a particularly effective concoction of cat excrement and dead dog, accompanied by a chorus of witches.

How will Romanian politicians and civil servants respond to this magical cursing a la Balak and Balaam (Numbers 20)?

Romanian president Traian Basescu and his aides are known to wear purple on certain days, supposedly to ward off evil. As committed pagans they are 'ready' for the magical attack.

And this raises a vital question – Will increasing numbers of western people turn their backs on the gods of science, technology and economic growth and imitate these Romanian folk? Will paganism replace secularism?

Marriage and Consumerism

Vickie Lynn Marshall (1967 – 2007) was better known under the stage name of Anna Nicole Smith. She was an American model, actress and television celebrity. She first gained fame by appearing in the magazine Playboy when she became the 1993 Playmate of the Year. In 1994 she became notorious when, at the age of 26, she married the 89 year old billionaire J. Howard Marshall. This union led to numerous allegations that she was a cynical and opportunistic gold digger. In 1995, Marshall died and Smith began a lengthy legal battle over a share of his huge estate. She died at the age of 39, apparently as a result of an overdose of prescription drugs.

Smith stated that she was a Christian in a television interview, saying: "Jesus Christ is my lord and savior, and will always be, and I pray every day."

Some people believe that marriage is merely a contract. They enter marriage in order to increase their bank balance or enhance their status. For some marriage is all about personal profit and gain. On this view marriage is a means to an end. If the spouse doesn't deliver the goods – you leave the marriage. We could say that this is a consumerist approach to marriage. We consume a marriage in much the same way that we consume popcorn or chocolate. It's there, it gives pleasure and then suddenly it's gone. An original feature of the consumerist worldview is its uncanny ability to transform every relationship into a business proposition.

Tragically there are many stories of consumerists who believe they are Christians!

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