Picture it. Your name is Vladimir and you are working in a Soviet chemical factory in the 1930’s. Suddenly the workers stop working and they start to sing a hymn. Not to God but to ‘electricity’. They sing as follows:

Electricity can do anything. It can dispel darkness

and gloom. One push of a button and clickety-click

out comes a new man.

Obviously they would be singing this worship song in Russian but we need to notice the worship of ‘created things’ in this work place. Some worship rats, others worship football and some worship electricity.

Background Notes

The famous Russian revolutionary Trotsky (1879-1940) wrote that “Such is the power of science, that the average human-being will become an Aristotle, a Goethe, a Marx.  And beyond this new peaks will rise.” Trotsky believed in the power of science and technology to create a perfect world.

In his book Infinite Progress: How the Internet and Technology Will End Ignorance, Disease, Poverty, Hunger, and War author Byron Reese argues that the Internet, human ingenuity, and technological innovation will help humans to end the five tragedies of human existence: ignorance, disease, poverty, hunger and war. With his passionate and pious faith in technological progress, Reese views the future not as a dystopia but as a utopia. Christians should be aware that technology can be positive and helpful but increasing use of gadgets and phone addiction can create loneliness, selfishness and high levels of ennui.

Four Ways of Looking at the Story

Materialist faith: “We believe that Byron Reese is right to trust in infinite progress. As godless people we trust in human ingenuity and not in God.”

Relativist faith: “We believe that there are no right or wrong answers here. Reese’s faith in progress is true for him but it doesn’t work for everyone.”

Buddhist faith: “We believe that humans should not trust in technology. Go into a forest and meditate. Progress is an illusion because the world is an illusion.”

Christian faith: “We believe that technology is a gift from God. We love responsible technology but we do not trust in technology. This is idolatry.”


1) How does Reese’s faith in progress inspire millions today?

2) Why is Byron Reese so committed to Infinite Progress?

3) What are the dark sides of faith in Progress?

Mark Roques

Mark Roques

For eleven years Mark taught Philosophy and Religious Studies at Prior Park College, Bath. As Director of RealityBites since 2005, he has developed a rich range of resources for teachers and is a popular speaker at educational conferences in the UK, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Australia and New Zealand. Mark is the author of three books, including the Religious Education textbook The Good, The Bad and The Misled, and his innovative approach has led him to appear on television (Channel 4) and radio.